The Root of the Issue

by Gordon Petschow, Midwest Environmental Consultants

In today’s modern world, the philosophy of lawn care and gardening is quick results at the least possible costs for the greatest yields. These expectations are not un-realistic, but perhaps if we can make an effort to understand that soils and nature’s disciplines are forgiving but firm and unchangeable in its established procedures. To be successful, it is advisable to stay within the inherent boundaries of nature’s principles. Nature’s workings are complex and interactive, but it becomes clearly focused when we garden, practice lawn care, or grow crops. It’s at this point we understand its workings, procedures, and limitations. To be more specific, we must discuss in an itemized fashion these procedures.

1. Land ethics: By definition, land ethics is being willing to respect, accept, understand, and appreciate the land and soil we work; regardless of our desires or our vote to change the landscape and land use. To monocrop, erode, toxify, or demineralize the land with chemicals and incomplete fertilizers is classified as surface, short-term use of the land or mining the soil. Yes, it is easier to spray weeds with chemicals than to cultivate, but we transfer our savings on labor and materials costs to medical or environmental costs at some future date. When we realize that our living environment has degraded to a point we can no longer ignore the reality, we then take action at higher dramatic costs. To use the land and change the landscape, it’s advisable to know nature, its procedures, and the soil that is going to be altered before we start. Yes, income can be made in short order temporarily, but the soil base and ecological base becomes degraded to where the results may last a lifetime trying to recover to a natural productive state of well being.

2. The natural world we work with is dependent on the nonliving or abiotic part of nature. Water, ice, broken rock, and minerals make up a large portion of the abiotic composition that assists in forming the mineralized portion of soil and lays the groundwork for the biotic communities to live and function.

3. All living organisms are derived from a single cell. The cells in time build tissues, and organs that in turn become a total living being. It survives on minerals and nutrients derived from the abiotic world. Its life span is terminal and its remains create topsoil – the jewel of gardens, lawns, and agricultural crops. Together, living organisms have inherent physical characteristics but are dependent and interacting with other species and their living and abiotic environment. This is understanding the root of successful land management, and cell promotion and living organism health.

Working with nature’s principles brings success, whether medical and health, financial, or environmental. This is the vital key. Short unplanned surface management gains, and elimination of the basic necessities of life (air, water, minerals), and chemical applications to life systems is the beginning of mutations and eventual demise of the living organism. For prosperity and preservation of the bases for living now and for the future, pursue the root of living.

For a customized lawn care or landscaping project that is cost-effective, call us at Midwest Environmental Consultants, LLC at 715-586-1302. Working with Nature – Working with You.

Light Conditions for Planting and What to Plant in Them

By Beth Luck, Tin Roof Garden

Full sun: at least 6 to 8 full hours of direct sunlight. Many sun-loving plants can tolerate more than 6 hours per day but need to be watered regularly to endure mid-summer (July through August) heat. Annuals that tolerate full sun: verbena, lantana, geraniums, petunias, marigolds, thunbergia. Perennials that tolerate full sun: yarrow, silver mound, butterfly weed, coreopsis, cone flowers, salvia.

Partial sun/partial shade: these terms are often used interchangeably to indicate 3 to 6 hours of direct sunlight, preferably morning and early afternoon sun, daily. Morning and early afternoon sun are less harsh than the afternoon sun, especially in the summer months.
Annuals that tolerate part sun/part shade: bacopa, ivy, torenia, fuschia, impatiens, begonias. Perennials that tolerate part sun/part shade: Jacob’s ladder, hostas, coral bells, perennial geranium, lamium.

Dappled sun: less light than the limited direct exposure of partial shade. This is the sunlight that makes it through a canopy of deciduous trees. Think of the plants you would see growing in the woods, ferns, lady slippers, trillium, etc.
Annuals that tolerate dappled sun: fuschia, ivy, begonias, coleus, streptocarpus, cyclamen.
Perennials that tolerate dappled sun: hostas, coral bells, columbine, ferns, brunnera.

Full shade: less than 3 hours of direct sunlight daily, with filtered/dappled sun during the rest of the day. Full shade does not mean no sun. There are not many plants, except mushrooms, that can survive in the dark.
Annuals that tolerate full shade: ferns, ivy, cyclamen.
Perennials that tolerate full shade: ligularia, bergenia, ivy, ferns.

Tips regarding planting and sunlight:

  • When you are planning out a garden, keep track of the amount of sun the location receives throughout the day and pick plants according to the descriptions above.
  • If you are planting in the spring before the trees have leaves, make sure to take into consideration where trees, when they do get leaves, will shade your plantings and for how many hours per day.
  • Spring sun is not as intense as summer sun, it still being a bit further away, and this is why shade-loving plants can be planted in spring in locations that might receive more light while the sun is low and there are no leaves on the trees.
  • Plant according to the light conditions you expect to see at the end of May and throughout the rest of the summer.
  • The amount of change in light conditions throughout the growing season due to the movement of the sun does not affect the growth of a plant if it is planted in the correct location from the start.

For more information, stop in Tin Roof Garden at 5310 Friedeck Road, Eau Claire, visit, or call 715-834-4232.

Make a Backyard Bee House: It’s Easy!

Did you know you and your kids can make a special house for bees? This isn’t the bee habitat used by those raising bees for honey; this bee house simply provides a safe place for bees to raise their young.

From the National Wildlife Federation, here’s how:

  1. Take some scrap lumber and drill several 3 to 5 inch deep holes in it—BUT NOT ALL THE WAY THROUGH.
  2. Cover the structure with chicken wire to protect it from birds and other larger wildlife.
  3. Place the house on the south side of a building, like your house! Or on a fence post or a tree. Attach it securely.
  4. Some DO NOTs:
    1. Do not move the bee house once it is established until at least November.
    2. Do not use insecticides near the bee house.
    3. Do not use treated wood to build it.

The Nifty Homestead website encourages you to build “insect hotels,” made from upcycled materials placed between layers of sturdy protective material like old pallets, in which bees can overwinter. Why are insect hotels a good idea? Nifty Homesteader explains: “Insect hotels provide safe areas for solitary insects to hibernate over winter. Big lawns and the lack of dead wood in our yards leaves wild bees, spiders, and ladybugs without a place to live. Building accommodations for beneficial insects like ladybugs or flying pollinators can help benefit both your environment and your garden in the spring.”

When you make a “hotel” for solitary bees (bees whose females are all fertile and build separate nest cells for the baby bees), put it in a location that is sunny but sheltered from harsh weather. Wood nester bees like to nest in cavities they find, like hollow stems or holes in wood. The female will then create individual compartments for each egg. As she goes out to find pollen and nectar for the brood, she pollinates various plants and food crops. She puts nectar and pollen in each compartment before laying an egg in it. You can make a “bee hotel” using materials you find at home or out on a walk that either already have small compartments in them or have small spaces the female bee can then develop, or you could drill tunnels in wood, too. If you open this hotel for business, bees will “check in” for winter!


Celebrate Earth Day by Investing in Your Community and Your Health: Join the Forest St. Community Garden!

By Kerri Kiernan, Master Herbalist

This Earth Day, consider giving back to the planet, to your community, and to yourself by joining a local community garden. The Forest Street Community Garden is celebrating its eighth season and is now open to new and returning gardeners; it is located in downtown Eau Claire, just a couple blocks north of Phoenix Park.

The Chippewa Valley is blessed with several existing community gardens offering rental plots for the public. What differentiates the Forest St. Garden from other gardens is that it also offers a Shared Garden that is run jointly by members who share in the work and harvest. The Shared Garden also serves as a learning community for members to gain experience in basic gardening skills, leadership, teaching, coordinating, and community outreach.

Members of the Shared Garden participate in weekly sessions to maintain the nearly half-acre plot as a collaborative effort. Seeds and transplants are started in early spring, and members work together to plan and prepare the garden as the last frost ceases. During the garden season, the work and the produce is shared amongst the contributing members. Extra produce is harvested and donated to the Community Table, which supplements meal services benefiting Eau Claire residents who may not have access to healthy meals due to lack of finances, education, or due to other life situations.

Besides benefiting the community, Shared Gardeners experience a deep sense of connection to their community, to each other, and to the Earth. Social events such as potlucks and gatherings are often held at the Forest St. Garden Pavilion, where members and plot renters spend time together connecting over beautiful meals made from the very veggies they grew together in the garden.

Besides decreasing carbon emissions, gardening helps to increase physical activity and vegetable consumption and also helps to foster a sense of wonder and gratitude for the bounty of nature. The shared struggle of growing one’s own food serves as a relatable conversation topic between people who may otherwise never cross paths nor have much in common. Any gardener can share their own story of patience, diligence, failure, and success, but it’s the commonality of spending so much time in the dirt, paying very close attention to the rhythms of the weather, and savoring the fruits of one’s labor that bring people together through gardening.

Join the Forest St. Community Garden and learn how to grow food together. Prices increase after June 15. Please visit the Forest St. Community Garden website for more information.


To Join the Co-op/Shared garden or to rent a plot at the Forest St. Community Garden, please visit: or email:

Kerri Kiernan is a local Master Herbalist who works with plants from her garden as well as wild weeds from the Chippewa Valley to help people thrive with handmade remedies and personalized herbal consults. Kerri is the owner and operator of a small herbal business, River Prairie Apothecary, located in Eau Claire, Wisconsin, and is also the founder CommuniTEA, the Herbalism Outreach & Internship Project located downtown Eau Claire at the Forest St. Garden.

Contact Kerri: River Prairie Apothecary on FB: