Growing Minds Growing Gardens

by Sarah Franc

A parent can buy all the toys and electronics in the world for their child, but one should never underestimate the endless hours of fun in playing in the dirt. For children and adults, the rewards of growing your own garden are immense. From sowing the seeds to witnessing your flowers or vegetables/fruits emerge from the earth, gardening is one of the best ways to actively teach your child essential life skills.

Benefits
We live in a society that spends more time smiling at their screens than smiling at their children. Setting up a family garden will be a great opportunity to put the electronics away and spend some quality time with your child doing something productive. Your children will enjoy spending time outdoors and will develop a love and appreciation for nature while putting their curiosity to good use (rather than getting into mischief).

A study by the Royal Horticulture Society (RHS) investigated the impacts of gardening in school. By replacing the white board with active learning, the study reported three core areas in which the children’s lives improved:

1. Readiness to learn
2. Resilience
3. Responsibility

More specifically, according to the RHS, gardening encouraged children to:

• Become stronger, active learners capable of thinking independently
• Gain a more resilient, confident, and responsible approach to life so they can achieve their goals and play a positive role in society
• Learn vital job skills such as presentation skills, communication, and team work, and fuel their entrepreneurial spirit
• Embrace a healthier, more active lifestyle
• Develop the ability to work and communicate with people of all ages and backgrounds

Keep It Interesting
The growing process can be long, and some young ones may get discouraged when the results are not immediate. Make sure to keep your children involved and interested in the project. Let them get dirty! The basis of a garden’s appeal for a child is getting to play in the dirt, so encourage it! Also, it is important to allow your child to make some decisions. Perhaps let him or her choose the flowers or vegetables/fruits to cultivate, or choose crops that your child will enjoy. If your little one loves strawberries, plant strawberries! Planting flowers that attract butterflies, ladybugs, and other interesting creatures will be an added bonus for children. This will allow them to spend more time in the garden investigating and learning about nature.

Safety
It is vital that your little one learns and practices garden safety. Keep all fertilizers or sprays away from your child and stay away from the use of pesticides in your garden. One of the major benefits of growing your own garden is that you control all aspects of the growing process. Therefore, you will know what is going into your body. Stay away from pesticides; grow organically. Also, teach your child how to properly use the garden tools and be sure children are properly supervised while using said tools. Lastly, spending hours in the garden in the summer can get hot. Stay properly hydrated and wear sunscreen or protective clothing.

Whether your garden flourishes or not, your children will cherish the memories you made while spending time in the garden. As long as you keep it a relaxing experience and have fun, you and your children will continue to learn through the journey, and hopefully have some beautiful flowers and delicious food to show for it.

Sara is a graduate from the University of Wisconsin-Stout’s journalism program.

Honeybees: What You Need to Know

by Amber Erickson Gabbey

Even though you can’t legally have bees in Eau Claire proper, Drew Kaiser is working to change that. Looking to cities like Madison as an inspiration, the Eau Claire chapter of Save the Bees, spearheaded by Kaiser, is hoping to pass ordinances to legitimize urban beekeeping and small family apiaries. While there isn’t a current ordinance banning honeybees in Eau Claire, it is considered illegal based on the understanding of other ordinances.

Culturally, we’re beginning to understand just how much honeybees matter and the dire situation of the species. Honeybees, often considered a nuisance by worried neighbors, are vital to the health and well-being of our planet and ultimately, us. Colony collapse disorder is a new but serious threat to honeybees, affecting nearly 30 percent of their numbers every year. Honeybees are necessary to pollinate fruits, vegetables, and flowers, and without pollination, the food supply is in danger. A country without an adequate food supply is in trouble. This isn’t just about honeybees, says Kaiser, this is about the broader view of life.

We’re not talking large-scale production here, says Kaiser. We’re talking about small-scale family productions that help the honeybee population survive. The bees help pollinate area plants and provide the family with fresh, local honey. Who doesn’t like getting a jar of honey from their neighbors?

For opponents of urban beekeeping, the local honey isn’t enough. They have other reasons for resisting the motion. “The biggest barrier is getting over the misperception that bees are yellow jackets are wasps are hornets,” says Kaiser. Many people don’t know the difference between bee species and imagine they are all aggressive and deadly. Yes, there is always a risk of stings and allergic reactions, but beekeeping doesn’t necessarily increase the risk of strings or general bee nuisance. Normally very docile creatures, honeybees kill themselves in the process of stinging.

The other public perception is that honeybees will frequent neighborhood yards. Kaiser said common urban beekeeping practice is to install flyaway barriers. Since honeybees fly in a straight line, these barriers push the honeybees higher into the air, meaning there is no noticeable increase in honeybee activity in the vicinity. Kaiser believes these misconceptions can be alleviated with direct and explicit education on the life and behaviors of honeybees.

According to Kaiser, there are signs of environmental distress everywhere you look. Honeybees are part of the solution to this environmental design. We need them; they  need us. The USDA estimates every 1 of 3 mouthfuls of food is attributed to honeybee pollination. That is a big deal to this nation’s food system, and without honeybees we’ve got a major problem. “Pollination is an indicator of the health of the environment,” says Kaiser.

The current state of the ordinance in Eau Claire includes education, signature collecting, and talking with public officials. Kaiser and team are now working with the newly formed Sustainability Commission for the city of Eau Claire and hope to produce something actionable to give to the council in the coming months.

Outside of signing the petition and getting involved, there are a couple things you can do to help the honeybees. First, minimize or eliminate your use of chemicals. If you farm, consider transitioning to more organic and environmentally friendly practices. Then, plant flowers that attract honeybees. Even global issues like this start locally.

Amber Erickson Gabbey, MA, RYT, is a freelance health writer and yoga teacher. She enjoys the simple life in the mountains outside Boulder, Colorado. Follow her healthy living blog at www.mindfullywritten.com/blog.

SOURCE: Drew Kaiser, kaiser.drew@gmail.com, 715-834-4747.

Stay in the Garden (and Out of the Clinic!)

by Dr. Emily Smith, DC, DICCP

Spring can be a busy time for gardeners (and for those who take care of gardeners!).  Spring marks the time of year when plants emerge from their winter slumber.  It’s important to remember that our bodies too have been hibernating and need some tender loving care in order to enjoy spring without injury.  Read on to discover a few simple exercises that can prepare your body for what is to come. (Please consult your doctor or health care professional before beginning this or any exercise routine.)

The #4 Stretch

This is a simple exercise that can be done while sitting or lying down.  Place the left ankle on top of the right knee and if sitting, lean forward with a straight back.  If you prefer to do this stretch while lying down, position yourself on your back on a flat surface.  As above, place your left ankle on top of your right knee and grasp under your right knee and pull toward your chest.  Repeat this on the other side.  You will feel the stretch in the outer hip of whichever leg is on top, which is a common tight spot in those who sit a lot.

Chin Tuck Exercise

This is an exercise that can be done almost anywhere.  First jut your chin forward as far as you can and then immediately pull the chin backward as far as you can and simply hold it in that position for as long as you can.  The time may vary but will steadily increase as you practice.  This helps to stretch the muscles that attach the head to cervical spine (sub-occipital muscles).  Aggravation of this area usually occurs from keeping your head held in front of the rest of the body or from looking down (e.g., reading, putting together puzzles, working on the computer or phone, weeding, etc.).  This posture can most commonly lead to headaches and neck/upper back pain.  By simply tucking your chin whenever you are looking down or forward you can stabilize the cervical spine and prevent injury.

Arm Pulse Exercise

This is a great exercise to counteract the effect that gravity has on our upper body.  Stand up and place outstretched arms by your sides.  Open the shoulders by rotating palms outward and extend arms behind you.  Now pulse arms backward, as if you are trying to touch the wall behind you.  This will help to strengthen the muscles of the upper back, better align the shoulders to prevent injury and reduce/eliminate pain/numbness that may travel into one or both arms.

When beginning your spring gardening work, it’s also important to keep these points in mind:

• Stay hydrated. When your body is low on fluids your muscles will become tense and are more prone to injury (picture twisting a piece of jerky!)  Though heat/environment may increase your need, typical fluid intake should include half of your body weight in ounces of water on a daily basis (e.g., if you weigh 100 pounds you should attempt to consume 50 ounces of water daily).
• The most dangerous activity for the low back is a bend/twist/lift. This activity (e.g., raking, unloading items from the trunk, weeding, etc.) can place the joints of the lumbar spine in a vulnerable position and cause excess pressure on the lumbar discs.  It is always best to move your feet to rotate, rather than twisting your spine.  With raking for instance, it is best to use short strokes while holding the rake close to your body and switch from side to side (as opposed to planting your feet and bending/twisting to one side to reach the rake as far as you can).  The same goes for weeding (focus on the area in front of you rather than reaching off to the side).
• The body loves symmetry. It is difficult to always be symmetrical with gardening activities but do your best to switch sides and take turns from right to left.  This will help to minimize injuries by building strength bilaterally and avoiding overuse of one side of the body.
• Utilize the proper tools and equipment. This can make the yard work not only more efficient but also more enjoyable.  Stools, kneelers, or knee pads can help minimize stress and strain on the knee joints and allow you to spend more time in the garden.
• Take breaks frequently. Being in one position for more than thirty minutes can lead to muscle cramps and degrading posture.  Move around the yard or garden and change up your activity whenever possible.

For those who love to garden but are unable due to available space, body limitations, etc., there are options!  Check out https://es87578.towergarden.com/ to learn more about the Tower Garden, an aeroponic, vertical garden. The unit can be used outside or inside and requires no dirt and no weeding!

Dr. Emily Smith, of Smith and Prissel Chiropractic, has a specialty in Chiropractic Pediatrics but loves working with patients of any age.

Gardeners Beware: The Dangers of Pesticides

by Dr. Michael Court

There is nothing that pleases green thumbs more than the arrival of spring. Life is sprouting on the budding trees, flowers, and garden plants. It is time to start thinking about planting your garden. You can almost begin to taste those first vegetables of the season. GARDENERS BEWARE: those pesticides that seem so harmless and useful may be negatively affecting the soil, your health, and the health of your loved ones.

The massive use of chemical fertilizers, which totals well over millions of tons per year, has come to be an accepted method of forcing plants to grow. Herbicides are used on weeds; fungicides are used in fields, storage, and transportation to control rot. Pesticides are used on plants. Pesticides are mainly used by gardeners to kill insects that threaten trees and garden plants. The pesticides are usually applied through spraying or shaking. Insects have grown increasingly resistant to pesticides, which cause farmers to use larger amounts of toxic chemicals, which in turn kill the insect’s natural predators.

Many of these poisons work systematically and become both part of the soil and of plant tissues. Farmers consider this advantageous because they need not reapply them after a heavy rain. Some of the more familiar ones legally found in food are methyl bromide and lead arsenate. These pesticides are allowable in the food supply with concentrations of up to only 0.3 parts per million. So what is the problem? Although the trees, plants, and produce are saved, the pesticide residue is still on and in the food we eat. This residue eventually reaches the colon and builds up toxicity in the body. Pesticides kill insects by neurologically affecting them. DANGER: Pesticides poison humans as well and affect our brains and nervous systems.

How can we reduce the amount of toxic pesticides we ingest?
The National Pesticide Information Center states repeatedly to reduce your exposure. Make your lawn organic. Create your own pesticide-free space in your backyard. Educate yourself. Teach your neighbors. Take a stand against the use of toxic pesticides on the lawns of your communities and the places where children play every day.

Washing produce does help, but it does not clear the pesticide residue away completely.  Peeling is also helpful, but the pesticide can also be found throughout heavily sprayed produce.  Growing or purchasing organic food is always best; however, sometimes this is not a financially feasible option for everyone.

ALWAYS buy organic foods on the Dirty Dozen list. The USDA tested the residues of the foods on the Dirty Dozen list and found them to be positive for 46–67 different chemicals. The Clean Fifteen bore little or no traces of pesticides and are safe to consume in non-organic form.

Organic agriculture truly lives and breathes. Nurtured with natural fertilizers, a living soil provides plants with strength to resist disease and insects, as well as to have superior taste and nutritional value. Organic foods may initially cost more to produce because converting chemically overworked soils is not easy. Organic prices have come down in recent years. A USDA report concluded that organic farming is competitive economically with chemical farming. Organic works better, it is more efficient, and it ultimately saves the company money.  If we think that organically grown is more expensive than chemically grown food, we need to look at the overall picture. The price of the chemicals is reflected not only in the price of our food, but in the cost of our health care, the future of our soil, and the sustainability of our agricultural system.

Find the cause and restore your health with Nutrition Response Testing.  Nutrition Response Testing is a safe, non-invasive way to analyze what is out of balance in the body and design a nutritional program to feed the body exactly what it needs to fix itself.  Each person has a personalized program tailored for his or her body’s needs.

The best choice for restoring your health is to work with a health care practitioner to help you transition to a locally grown whole food diet and help your body remove any nasty pesticides using a personalized, clinically designed nutritional program. We see patients in our office that have been affected by pesticides, whether from flea spray use inside the home or insecticides being used in their own gardens. This toxic internal buildup can be from products such as Round-Up, Chlordane, DDT, and others. Some studies suggest they may not only cause long-term damage to cognitive abilities and neurological function, but may also kill the organisms and nutrients in our soil. Don’t let your health be negatively impacted by pesticide toxicity!

Dirty Dozen  (There are more than 12)

• Apples
• Blueberries
• Celery
• Cherries
• Tomatoes
• Cucumbers
• Grapes
• Hot Peppers/Sweet Bell Peppers
• Nectarines (imported)
• Peaches
• Potatoes
• Spinach
• Strawberries
• Summer Squash/Zucchini

Clean Fifteen

• Asparagus
• Avocado
• Cabbage
• Cantaloupe
• Corn
• Eggplant
• Grapefruit
• Kiwi
• Mangos
• Mushrooms
• Onions
• Papayas
• Pineapples
• Sweet peas (frozen)
• Sweet potatoes

Dr. Court and Chippewa Valley Wellness serve Eau Claire, Altoona, Chippewa Falls, and the greater Chippewa Valley area. The clinic offers a wide variety of alternative health services including Nutrition Response Testing, Massage Therapy, Acupuncture and Upper-Cervical Chiropractic care. For more information see cvwellness.net, attend one of our free monthly health workshops, or call 715-723-2713.

The Winter of Our Discontent

by James E. Boulter, Ph.D., Associate Professor and Director, Watershed Institute for Collaborative Environmental Studies University of Wisconsin, Eau Claire

We have just emerged from one of the coldest winter some of us have ever experienced.1 There was talk about whether those arctic blasts, felt as far south as Florida, finally signified the end of the raging battle of public opinion over the validity of climate change. Some felt that the cold weather they experienced couldn’t possibly be consistent with global warming as they understood it, while others exploited it to reinforce their conclusion that human-induced climate change was a fraudulent hoax.2

Meanwhile, many accepted explanations of the shifting polar vortex as another example in a growing list of extreme weather events, escalating their sense of a changing climate.

So which is it?

It is important to recognize that weather is necessarily personal—something we experience, and thus inherently local. For example, while we froze in the Upper Midwest, high temperatures set records along the west coast of North America all the way up to the northern slope of Alaska.3

Even as severe droughts threaten California,4 record-breaking rains flooded England5 and record-breaking high temperatures scorched Australia. In contrast, climate is continental or global in scale—we measure it by means of satellites or extensive networks of monitoring stations; those data indicate that global average temperature for January was the fourth highest on record, more than 2°F higher than the twentieth century average over land.6 In order to quantify the increase in thermal energy of the planet resulting from increased concentrations of greenhouse gases, it is necessary include not only measurements made on land, but also those at sea, and below the ocean surface.7 And finally, it is crucial to focus on long-term changes because climate varies over decades, never seasons.

So the unsatisfying answer is, “neither—not from a single winter in any one part of the world.” But we can ask other questions that result in a resounding, “Yes; human activities (primarily extraction and burning of fossil fuels) have substantially warmed the lower atmosphere and the upper ocean.”8 This has been felt most acutely and most notably in the northern polar region, where we have observed the dramatic loss of sea ice and land-based glaciers, as visualized in James Balog’s compelling 2012 documentary, Chasing Ice.9

But is there any link between climate change and this extraordinarily cold winter?

It turns out that there’s a plausible and worrying connection. The polar vortex, a well-established annual phenomenon in both hemispheres, forms around the arctic after the sun goes down at the winter solstice. As the air cools and sinks, it begins to rotate like a spinning top. The strength of the vortex is determined by the difference in temperature between the pole and the “mid-latitudes.” Decrease that difference by disproportionately warming the poles, and the top begins to slow its rotation. For the toy as well as the vortex, that leads to reduced stability as it wobbles and eventually falls over. This time, it fell right on North America, a rare although not unheard-of weather pattern.10

But warming poles mean much more to us than a particularly harsh winter. Much clearer connections can be drawn to a range of effects that amplify the warming directly caused by human emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. For instance, as the bright ice and snow of the far north become less extensive, the planet’s darkened surface absorbs still more light energy, leading to still-faster warming and melting.11 And as vast regions of permafrost thaw and “methane clathrates” beneath the Arctic Ocean begin to break down, both release additional greenhouse gases.12

Some of you may worry about this or other trends in the global climate record; however, I’m sorry to say that chances are, you’re probably less worried than the scientists who study climate change!13 Most of us who share concerns for the climate future of the planet suffer from a sense of futility leading to apathy or may feel overwhelmed to the point of paralysis. I’ve given many talks on the science and anticipated impacts of climate change over the past fifteen years or so, giving what I felt to be impassioned presentations about dispassionate numbers and graphs. As a result, I believe that I’ve raised awareness, and maybe also concerns and fears, but probably not many hopes.

What are concerned citizens to believe and how are we to act in the face of an issue of such magnitude?

Recently I’ve discovered a vital, potent source of hope – a potential remedy to that apathy and paralysis. Like Dr. James Hansen,14 the preeminent climate scientist who first testified before Congress about the dangers of human-caused global warming twenty-five years ago; like former Republican representative from South Carolina, Bob Inglis;15 like George Schultz, former Secretary of State to President Reagan;16 and—yes—like former Vice President and climate activist Al Gore,17 I have become an advocate for a market-based, “fee-and-dividend” solution to cut fossil fuel-related carbon emissions, and forestall the most serious climate outcomes.

What is fee-and-dividend and why should it work?

More than 97 percent of scientists who publish in related fields agree that climate change is happening and primarily caused by human activity;18 similarly, the consensus view of greater than 90 percent of economists across the ideological spectrum is that the most effective way to reduce fossil fuel use and the associated carbon dioxide emissions is by imposing a tax on carbon.19 This may also be described as a “fee and dividend” policy. The advantages to this approach are too numerous to list in this article, but include three key characteristics:20

? Implementation is rapid, simple and efficient, working by means of market forces rather than complex regulatory structures and needing to be imposed at fewer than 1000 points throughout the economy—wherever fossil fuels are extracted or imported.
? The fee would be “revenue neutral,” preventing any substantial increase in the size of government while protecting he most vulnerable people from resulting increases to goods and services by refunding the entire amount collected as an annual dividend.
? It is highly effective, imposing an initial cost of $15 per ton of carbon dioxide emissions and increasing by $10 per ton per year. This provides a steadily increasing price that discourages fossil fuel use while giving people and industries the time and resources to change. By extension, it incentivizes development and implementation of renewable and efficient energy technologies.

These characteristics are specifically intended to appeal to a wide range of legislators, both Democrat and Republican, so that such legislation has a better chance of passage, while retaining its effectiveness.

Is there any good news?

Yes—science can refine our understanding of causes and attributions and improve predictions of future climate scenarios. Better still, it may also provide exciting new technologies for improved energy efficiency and renewable energy generation, which may provide many people hope.21 However, these potential solutions are often slow or entirely unable to enter the market where they can be effective. Why is this? Consider that the full cost fossil fuels is never paid by the industry, at the pump, or on our energy bill; rather, it is assessed in increased healthcare costs and poor health outcomes, experienced in environmental damage, global insecurity and conflict, and transferred to our children and grandchildren.22 If that weren’t enough, greener, cleaner energy alternatives simply cannot compete with established, mature technologies and energy sources whose dominance is reinforced by existing cultural expectations, subsidies, business models, power structures, and infrastructural investments.23 In other words, the playing field is uneven now but this strategy is a way to right it. And by doing this, individuals, families, governments, businesses and industries will be empowered to make changes in how they use and invest in energy that will help to avoid the worst impacts of a changing climate.

If this proposed solution also gives you hope, or if you’re interested to learn how a non-partisan organization, comprised almost exclusively of volunteers from across the continent and beyond, seeks to create the political will for a stable climate, visit our website at http://citizensclimatelobby.org/.