Natural Heritage Project: Art Giving Voice to At-Risk Species

by Jessica Turtle, Creative Director for Farm Table Foundation

There’s a dynamic list that is a small part of an international response to gather data on the location and status of rare species and natural communities: insects, snakes, turtles, bees, and other natural features. This list, “The Wisconsin Natural Heritage Working List (WNHWL),” is over twenty pages long: in six-point font it provides Latin names, common names, rank, and status of over 1,200 species in Wisconsin. Have you seen the list?
For example, the species are ranked according to their degree of risk: S1, critically imperiled; S2, imperiled, high risk of extinction or elimination; S3, vulnerable. The water shrew, the satiny willow, the slender bush clover, and the prairie leafhopper are all S2s and S3s that live right here in Wisconsin. The rusty patch bumble bee ranks as an S1.

A group of artists rallied by the discovery of the WNHWL began chipping away, one species at a time, to create a work of art for each. They will not stop until every last species identified has a voice, or even better still, is represented by a well considered, articulate visual work of art. The artist group is named The Natural Heritage Project.

The project, sponsored by Farm Table Foundation in downtown Amery, Wisconsin, held the first exhibit [When?], entitled “Much Ado About Bees,” focusing on six declining bumblebee species and the popular culture of the ever-producing honey bee.

The exhibit included honey bees as a way to connect people with something beloved and familiar, then encouraged further dialog through the artistic imagery that had been created regarding the native species of bumblebees that are disappearing. The exhibit displayed each of the seven species, depicted by myself, in a series of methodical and vibrant paintings, a hand-woven sun hive made by artist Kelsey Bee of Minneapolis, and bee boxes hand painted by Christy Schwartz of St. Paul in the likeness of famous works of art. Also on display were beekeepers’ tools, a sample table with fourteen varieties of local honey, and beekeepers’ clothing. Guests were invited to enjoy a Wisconsin/Minnesota—made mead (honey wine) tasting.

The next Natural Heritage Project exhibit, entitled “Inopia,” by Saint Paul artist Sarah Nelson, has been created after months of delicate consideration. Sarah chose her species from the WNHWL based on the relationship one species has to another. She demonstrates the interconnection of humans to birds, insects, fish, crustaceans, reptiles, amphibians, flies, and rodents. Sarah’s consideration, drive, and technical mastery make up the essence behind The Natural Heritage Project. Join us to celebrate our current exhibit!

Farm Table Foundation—110 Keller Avenue North, Amery, Wisconsin.
Opening Reception: November 10, 2017, 6:00 to 9:00 pm.
Exhibit runs November 10, 2017 through January 30, 2018.

Jessica Turtle a professional artist, exhibit curator, and instructor. Her current position is Creative Director at Farm Table Foundation in Amery, Wisconsin. She holds interest in food-system education, arts outreach, pollinator conservation, and watershed education—more specifically, where all these points intercept.

To learn more about the Natural Heritage Project, visit www.naturalheritageproject.org.
To inquire about hosting an exhibition, email naturalheritageproject@gmail.com.
To view The Wisconsin Natural Heritage Working List, go to http://dnr.wi.gov/topic/nhi/wlist.html.

One, Two, Three Orchards: Local Apples Galore!

For most people, keeping one orchard going strong would be challenge enough. But Ron Knutson (aka Ronnie Appleseed) has his hands full currently caring for not one, not two, but three orchards. Halverson’s Orchard was the first. “Around 2009/2010, my wife’s (Shelly) Aunt Kay knew the Halversons, and Dennis Halverson was needing help with pruning, so we met and reached an agreement: we would prune the trees in exchange for some apples,” Ronnie explains. “In 2016 Dennis, who had cancer, passed away, and the family graciously turned over the management to us.  Also, in 2015, we heard at the Wisconsin Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Growers Conference that Class Apple was looking for somebody to manage it. A small 1.5-acre pick-your-own orchard was just what we wanted. We made inquiries about the orchard and contacted Lorretta. She had lost her husband, Dale, the year prior, also to cancer, and with the family living out of town, she needed someone to take care of it. So we took that on as well.”

Their third (original) orchard is AVEnue Orchard. Ronnie notes, “We purchased what was formerly known as The Apple Tree Inn Bed and Breakfast in October of 2007 but didn’t move in until January 31, 2008, after General Billy Mitchell Air Reserve Base, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, closed, and I retired. Instead of a bed-and-breakfast, we are an adult family home. I was going to retire and just do a little woodworking, primarily making flag cases, but the great outdoors called me, the trees were crying for help, and a new adventure was born. WE HAVE AN ORCHARD! So we added 1,500 more trees and two more small orchards.”

AVEnue Orchard sells jarred and canned goods, as well as prepicked apples. “I think we have as many varieties of jams, jellies, fruit butters, sauces, and pie filling as we do apple varieties, which is at twenty-six and counting,” Ronnie laughs. “And we are always dreaming up new recipes. This year’s leader in our jarred and canned goods is our Strawberry Rhubarb, followed closely by Chai Apple Butter, and who would have guessed but gaining fast is our new Apple Watermelon.  Strawberry Jam, Strawberry Hobenaro, and Apple Pie Jelly are neck-and-neck and close behind.”

What kinds of apples does AVEnue Orchard offer? This year there will be twenty-six varieties available:

Chestnut Crab
Connell Red
Cortland
Daybreak Fuji
Duchess
Empire
Grimes Golden
Haralred
Haralson
Honey Crisp
Honey Gold
Jonamac
Liberty
McIntosh
Northwest Greening
Paula Red
Prairie Spy
Red Delicious
Regent
Snow Sweet
State Fair
Sweet 16
Whitney Crab
Wolf River
Yellow Transparent
Zestar

Our pears are:
Bartlett
D’Anjou

Available for pick-your-own at Class Apple, are Honey Crisp, Cortland, McIntosh, Connell Red, Empire, and Honey Golds. “At Class Apple, we have cider, our very own blend from our very own apples. Class Apple is a quiet place to come and enjoy the greatness of God’s country,” Ronnie says. “Bring your picnic baskets along, you ain’t gonna wanna leaf,” he jokes.

AVEnue Orchard generally opens around mid-August. Class Apple opens September 9 and is open Saturdays and Sundays 12:00 to 5:00 pm, and will close October 8. Halverson’s is not open to the public.

Ronnie seeks to promote access to and use of local food products. “I love it. As much as possible, all our products are from local sources. It is a well-deserved and an awesome show of support to the local farmers, who work hard at bringing you a quality product. Besides, it always tastes better when it ripens on the vine.”

“Oh,” he hastens to add. “I forgot honey! We have honey. Yes, we have the bees here. Fascinating creatures they are.”

The Root of the Issue

by Gordon Petschow, Midwest Environmental Consultants

In today’s modern world, the philosophy of lawn care and gardening is quick results at the least possible costs for the greatest yields. These expectations are not un-realistic, but perhaps if we can make an effort to understand that soils and nature’s disciplines are forgiving but firm and unchangeable in its established procedures. To be successful, it is advisable to stay within the inherent boundaries of nature’s principles. Nature’s workings are complex and interactive, but it becomes clearly focused when we garden, practice lawn care, or grow crops. It’s at this point we understand its workings, procedures, and limitations. To be more specific, we must discuss in an itemized fashion these procedures.

1. Land ethics: By definition, land ethics is being willing to respect, accept, understand, and appreciate the land and soil we work; regardless of our desires or our vote to change the landscape and land use. To monocrop, erode, toxify, or demineralize the land with chemicals and incomplete fertilizers is classified as surface, short-term use of the land or mining the soil. Yes, it is easier to spray weeds with chemicals than to cultivate, but we transfer our savings on labor and materials costs to medical or environmental costs at some future date. When we realize that our living environment has degraded to a point we can no longer ignore the reality, we then take action at higher dramatic costs. To use the land and change the landscape, it’s advisable to know nature, its procedures, and the soil that is going to be altered before we start. Yes, income can be made in short order temporarily, but the soil base and ecological base becomes degraded to where the results may last a lifetime trying to recover to a natural productive state of well being.

2. The natural world we work with is dependent on the nonliving or abiotic part of nature. Water, ice, broken rock, and minerals make up a large portion of the abiotic composition that assists in forming the mineralized portion of soil and lays the groundwork for the biotic communities to live and function.

3. All living organisms are derived from a single cell. The cells in time build tissues, and organs that in turn become a total living being. It survives on minerals and nutrients derived from the abiotic world. Its life span is terminal and its remains create topsoil – the jewel of gardens, lawns, and agricultural crops. Together, living organisms have inherent physical characteristics but are dependent and interacting with other species and their living and abiotic environment. This is understanding the root of successful land management, and cell promotion and living organism health.

Working with nature’s principles brings success, whether medical and health, financial, or environmental. This is the vital key. Short unplanned surface management gains, and elimination of the basic necessities of life (air, water, minerals), and chemical applications to life systems is the beginning of mutations and eventual demise of the living organism. For prosperity and preservation of the bases for living now and for the future, pursue the root of living.

For a customized lawn care or landscaping project that is cost-effective, call us at Midwest Environmental Consultants, LLC at 715-586-1302. Working with Nature – Working with You.

Light Conditions for Planting and What to Plant in Them

By Beth Luck, Tin Roof Garden

Full sun: at least 6 to 8 full hours of direct sunlight. Many sun-loving plants can tolerate more than 6 hours per day but need to be watered regularly to endure mid-summer (July through August) heat. Annuals that tolerate full sun: verbena, lantana, geraniums, petunias, marigolds, thunbergia. Perennials that tolerate full sun: yarrow, silver mound, butterfly weed, coreopsis, cone flowers, salvia.

Partial sun/partial shade: these terms are often used interchangeably to indicate 3 to 6 hours of direct sunlight, preferably morning and early afternoon sun, daily. Morning and early afternoon sun are less harsh than the afternoon sun, especially in the summer months.
Annuals that tolerate part sun/part shade: bacopa, ivy, torenia, fuschia, impatiens, begonias. Perennials that tolerate part sun/part shade: Jacob’s ladder, hostas, coral bells, perennial geranium, lamium.

Dappled sun: less light than the limited direct exposure of partial shade. This is the sunlight that makes it through a canopy of deciduous trees. Think of the plants you would see growing in the woods, ferns, lady slippers, trillium, etc.
Annuals that tolerate dappled sun: fuschia, ivy, begonias, coleus, streptocarpus, cyclamen.
Perennials that tolerate dappled sun: hostas, coral bells, columbine, ferns, brunnera.

Full shade: less than 3 hours of direct sunlight daily, with filtered/dappled sun during the rest of the day. Full shade does not mean no sun. There are not many plants, except mushrooms, that can survive in the dark.
Annuals that tolerate full shade: ferns, ivy, cyclamen.
Perennials that tolerate full shade: ligularia, bergenia, ivy, ferns.

Tips regarding planting and sunlight:

  • When you are planning out a garden, keep track of the amount of sun the location receives throughout the day and pick plants according to the descriptions above.
  • If you are planting in the spring before the trees have leaves, make sure to take into consideration where trees, when they do get leaves, will shade your plantings and for how many hours per day.
  • Spring sun is not as intense as summer sun, it still being a bit further away, and this is why shade-loving plants can be planted in spring in locations that might receive more light while the sun is low and there are no leaves on the trees.
  • Plant according to the light conditions you expect to see at the end of May and throughout the rest of the summer.
  • The amount of change in light conditions throughout the growing season due to the movement of the sun does not affect the growth of a plant if it is planted in the correct location from the start.

For more information, stop in Tin Roof Garden at 5310 Friedeck Road, Eau Claire, visit http://tinroofgarden.com/, or call 715-834-4232.