Green Hospitals

by Heather Rothbauer-Wanish

As much of the country strives for a more environmentally-friendly home and workplace, hospitals have also joined in the movement. The place that you go when you are ill has been making strides towards ensuring that it is a place that not only promotes your health, but promotes the health of the environment. Whether it is cleaning solutions, cafeteria plates, or ordering processes, local hospitals are encouraging their staff and employees to think twice about being a friend to the environment.

One local facility, Sacred Heart Hospital (SHH), has been working diligently to ensure it promotes green practices. Rick Beckler, Director of Hospitality Services, has seen many changes during his 15 years in the position. “Our practices really do differ than they did several years ago,” Beckler said. One way that SHH does this is by benchmarking practices with other healthcare organizations. Part of Beckler’s job is keeping up with environmental trends through publications, conferences, and relationships with other healthcare groups.

“We feel we are on the cutting-edge of these practices,” Beckler explained. Organizational purchasing is one area where Beckler feels the hospital can make a real difference. He and his staff strongly encourage the purchase of goods that can be utilized more than once. “We look at everything and invest in items that can be used more than once,” he said. “It really has become second nature for us,” he continued. This method of purchasing includes everything from reusable needle containers to recyclable containers for carry-out cafeteria food.

If you do purchase food at the Sacred Heart Hospital cafeteria, chances are you will be purchasing locally-grown food. “We really try to purchase as much local food as possible,” Beckler explained. This not only supports local farmers and growers, but it keeps the money circulating in the local economy. When it comes to the cafeteria and the kitchen area, the green movement does not stop there. The Sacred Heart staff has worked with the Department of Natural Resources to ensure that leftover food does not go to waste. For example, watermelon rhines, strawberry tops and other food scraps are saved until a local farmer picks them up; the scraps are used to supplement feeding the farm animals.

With the amount of food that is prepared during a day, there are bound to be leftovers. The prepared food that is left is sent to the local St. Francis Food Pantry, whom the hospital has worked with for many years. Local volunteers come to the hospital and box the food each day before it is sent to the food pantry. Because the food is already done and prepared, the staff felt that it was a great idea to provide it to local families.

Hospital patients are now given reusable mugs in lieu of Styrofoam cups. Other changes include no use of plastic silverware or so-called throwaway containers. Fountain drinks are also now served throughout the hospital, instead of plastic bottles. There is no longer any bottled water offered; rather, there are pitchers of water and cups available throughout the facility. “The staff, employees, and patients are on-board with the changes,” Beckler said. He admits that its focus on green and sustainability can sometimes add costs, but he feels the environmental impact is worth the additional costs.

Another local facility, Luther Midelfort, has also implemented practices to improve its environmental impact. This is especially important to the hospital as it is in the midst of a large expansion. Gordon Howie, Director of Maintenance–Facilities Services for Luther Midelfort, explained that the hospital looks at this in two ways: new construction and existing buildings. “With new construction, LEED principles are followed and efficiency is built in from design development. Luther Midelfort works with engineers, architects, and contractors who are experienced with environmentally efficient designs and methods,” Howie said. In fact, more than 90 percent of the waste materials from the construction have been recycled.

The existing buildings are also reviewed to seek any changes that may benefit the environment. “With the existing buildings, we are continually evaluating processes and building functions to reduce energy and water consumption. We have established a team that meets monthly to review ideas, track progress, and report results. We continually challenge ourselves to do better,” Howie explained.

When asked if they feel marketplace pressure to go green, both Sacred Heart Hospital and Luther Midelfort indicated that they are challenged only by themselves. Part of the mission of SHH is to give reverance to the earth and Beckler feels they are doing that with their environmental initiatives. “We do feel a pressure, a good pressure, from the healthcare industry to go green,” Beckler explained. “The healthcare industry as a whole has done a great job of looking at our environmental impact,” he continued. Howie echoed that sentiment, saying the following, “We keep an eye on what other healthcare systems are doing, but we are our strongest critics.”

At Luther Midelfort, employees also take an active role in seeking green practices. “We have employees who truly believe in bettering the environment,” Howie said. “If our employees see something that needs attention, we hear about it and it’s fantastic,” he continued. Luther Midelfort patients are also encouraged to provide feedback on the hospital’s green initiatives. “We would not consider an environmental project a success if our patients are not happy,” Howie commented. One way Luther Midelfort is able to make an impact on the surrounding community is through its own food donations to St. Francis Food Pantry; Luther Midelfort gives its unsold but usable food items to the pantry. This is similar to the working relationship Sacred Heart Hospital also has with the pantry.

Both local hospitals recycle everything from glass to aluminum, including some more unique items. Sacred Heart Hospital has contracted with an individual who takes wooden pallets from the facility. These wooden pallets are then turned into landscape wood chips. This is just another way that certain products and assets are seeing a second life.

Many hospitals are also using more energy-friendly lightbulbs, as well as implementing energy-savings tactics. “We work closely with Focus on Energy and Xcel Energy to ensure best efficiencies for the cost,” Howie explained. SHH has implemented automatic turn-off lights and high-efficiency airdrives in an effort to cut energy cost and consumption.

For many hospitals, investing in energy efficiencies, recycling capabilities, and reusable materials means a higher initial investment. However, this investment can save and reduce operating expenses in the future. If you, or someone you know is a hospital patient, take a look around and note the changes that have been made in the building and its processes. As these businesses look to a more environmentally-friendly operation, know that they are still trying to do what is best for the community, the patients, and the environment.

Intro to Eau Claire EcoTeams

Saving the Planet, One Household at a Time:  A Brief Introduction to Eau Claire EcoTeams
by Meg Marshall

We invite you to embark on an adventure that will lead you to more sustainable lifestyle practices. “Sustainability” means meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs (Brundtland Commission, 1987). Another way to say it is, “Enough, for all, forever.” Today, that’s not how we live in America, where 5% of the world’s population uses almost 30% of its resources, wasting close to 75% through inefficiency and lack of awareness.

As Yogi Berra once said, “The future ain’t what it used to be.” Climate change is altering our world. Through our daily activities, each of us contributes to the greenhouse gas emissions that are causing this change. You can determine your impact by calculating your carbon footprint at www.myfootprint.com. If you are like most Americans, you will find that if everyone lived like you do, it would take between four and five planets to support us.

When a community decides to become more sustainable, government, business, and citizens must all be on board. The City of Eau Claire has come a long way in working towards sustainability, and Eau Claire County is beginning to do the same. Some towns are addressing sustainability, as well.

In the business community, the Eau Claire Chamber of Commerce has introduced a Green Business Certification program, a commendable move on their part. Community members are the next to bring on board, and that’s where EcoTeams comes in. Our local EcoTeam project is coordinated by Erin LaFaive, Horticulture Educator for Eau Claire County Extension, and is funded by grants from the Wisconsin Environmental Education Board, JONAH, UW Extension-Western Division and Xcel Energy.

A team can be made up of your friends, neighbors, coworkers, people in your faith community or civic organization, students—anyone really! The typical size is 5-8 households, or 5-15 people. Over a period of a little over two months and in a series of seven meetings, the Green Living Handbook helps you take action to develop sustainable lifestyle practices in six areas (chapters): garbage, water, energy, transportation, eco-wise consuming, and empowering others. Different team members run the meetings.

The Sustainable Lifestyle Assessment in the workbook allows you to keep track of your accomplishments. Before each chapter, you will complete the “before” column for that topic area. Then you will choose which activities in that chapter you will do. After completion, you complete your “after” column. For example, if you recycled 20% before and 40% after, you have an improvement of 20%.

The typical meeting will begin with a discussion of the previous topic, and then move on to the next.

To get a feel for how the program works, let’s look at an existing EcoTeam. The Unitarian Universalist team, in its sixth meeting, began by reporting their experiences with the chapter on eco-wise consuming, which they had intentionally chosen to do before Christmas. Not only did they reduce the number of gifts given, they made efforts to wrap presents in unwanted fabric tied with yarn scraps and give gifts of charity instead of something that may not be wanted or needed. The conversation drifted to memories of the Christmases of our childhood and how things have changed. Everyone mentioned a heightened awareness of what they bought for the holidays and how much each item was needed.

The meeting then turned to the final topic, transportation. Across the board, more attention was paid to eco-driving: driving more slowly, avoiding jackrabbit starts, inflating tires properly, and planning errands carefully to minimize miles driven. We acknowledged that public transportation is somewhat lacking in our area, but the greatest barrier to its use might be that many people don’t know how to ride the bus and don’t know what route to take. Wilma Clark suggested that anyone who takes the bus somewhere before the next meeting should get extra credit! I expect that in the final chapter, Empowering Others, there will be suggestions for educating the public on Eau Claire Transit.

Lasting about an hour and a half, the meeting was lively and full of good suggestions and laughter. Some philosophical musings made their way into the meeting, such as, when we travel, what do we contribute to the places we visit (economically, culturally) compared to the emissions caused by the air travel to get there? Overall, team members have realized that doing little things allows us to make changes without causing discomfort and inconvenience.

The East Side Hill EcoTeam has planned to go out to dinner after their final meeting, and the person who makes the most improvement will get a free dinner, compliments of the rest of the team. Matt Smith hopes he is the winner. He felt pretty green going into the process, but he says he has learned new things to help him save money and become more environmentally friendly at the same time. Like many of us, he is more inclined to take his reusable grocery bags into the store when he shops! Every chapter generates ideas for other activities and projects.

Matt likes the group setting and the motivation and support he receives from other members. That seems to be one of the most important things about EcoTeams. EcoTeams are a great way to meet your neighbors, to examine your own lifestyle, and to find ways you might be able to live more frugally as you lower your carbon footprint.

Studies show that Americans had the highest level of happiness in 1956, a much less complicated time. Since then, material consumption in our country has tripled. Clearly, stuff doesn’t buy happiness. Happiness comes from human connections, helping someone in need, volunteering, and doing what we can to make the world a better place for ourselves, our children and grandchildren, and for people around the world.

Join an EcoTeam today. Call Erin LaFaive (715-839-4712) or Meg Marshall (715-835-1733) or email us at eauclaireecoteams@gmail.com. Check out our website, www.sustainableeauclaire.org for more information.

Starting Seeds Indoors

by Erin LaFaive, Horticulture Educator, Eau Claire County UW Cooperative Extension

Do you want to get ahead of the growing season? Do you want to plant vegetables that need a longer growing season? Do you want to grow a plant that you can’t find in the stores? A solution to these challenges is to start your own seeds indoors.

Many plants do better if started indoors, since it gives them a jump start on the growing season. This is especially the case in northern Wisconsin where the growing season is shorter and some seeds have a difficult time germinating in the early season. Tomatoes and peppers are a great example of plants that need longer growing seasons than northern Wisconsin can provide.

Containers
Any type of container can be used to start seeds as long as it is sterilized before planting and has drainage holes at the bottom. To sterilize pots, soak the containers in a 10 percent bleach mixture and thoroughly rinse. Single celled pots are sold in stores and generally only a seed or two are planted in one cell. Mass-sowing seeds are done in flats that do not have dividers and they require transplanting after the seedling is bigger.

Soil
Use a seed starting mix or other soil-less indoor plant mixture. These types of soils have been sterilized and contain smaller particles so the embryos have an easier time pushing through. In addition, they are light weight and drain well. If you want to create your own mixture use a pasteurized mixture of equal amounts of soil, sand, vermiculite or perlite; and peat moss.

Planting
Moisten the soil before you add it to the containers. It shouldn’t be soggy. The general rule for planting depth is four times the thickness of the seed. Also, check the seed packet for recommendations. Some seeds are very small and hard to see. In those cases, mixing the seed in sterile sand can help you see where you are spreading the seed. Very small seeds are simply sprinkled over the top of the soil. To cover seeds use vermiculite or a layer of screened potting mix you are already using over the seeds. Leave about a ¼ of an inch from the top of the container to allow enough room for the vermiculite.

Germination
Cover the planted seeds with plastic leaving an inch to an inch and a half gap. The plastic helps to keep the soil from drying out and traps some heat. A heating source underneath the seeds will speed up germination. Place them in a window with moderate light but not in direct sunlight. The temperatures should be 55 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit at night and 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit during the day.

Watering
Keep the soil moist, but be careful not to overwater. Using a spray bottle works great for tiny seeds because a strong stream of water may move the seeds around too much. Even a stream being poured from a glass of water can be too strong. Watch for the growth of mold which generally looks like white fuzz on the soil surface. When the first seedlings appear, take off the plastic. This is also the time they need stronger light so they require a south facing window or artificial lights.

My plants are lopsided! My plants are spindly! This can be prevented by turning the container as the seedlings grow and by giving enough light. Fluorescent lights are another source of lighting. They need 16-18 hours of light. One warm-white, 40-watt bulb and one cool-white, 40-watt bulb used together are adequate for seed starting and seedling growth. You can also use fluorescent lights or grow lights.

Gradually acquaint the seedlings to outside by first starting with an hour and working up. The seedlings are not use to fluctuating temperatures, wind, and the sun and this gradual introduction prepares the plant for new conditions.

These are general indoor seed germinating rules. By reading the seed package you will likely find more detailed information on seed depth, germination time, and any other specialized requirements.

A Green Week

by Kenton Whitman

Going ‘green’ can sometimes seem like a lot of work, but with scientists developing a better understanding of our impact on the planet’s ecological systems and mainstream media beginning to champion ecological awareness (think the movie Avatar), it’s getting more difficult to ignore the part we all play in the Earth’s health. Still, when it comes to making conscious choices that are environmentally responsible, sometimes it takes a reminder or a special commitment in order to break out of our usual routines. You can have fun and develop more earth-friendly habits by celebrating a Green Week.

Each day of a Green Week gives you a way to incorporate a small change in your life – but also gives you the option to ‘Get Radical’. The most surprising and delightful thing about a Green Week is that it can challenge the common idea that ‘going green’ requires sacrifice. The truth is quite the opposite – the changes presented here can actually make your life easier and more enjoyable.

Take your family on a Green Week adventure. It’s not only good for the planet – it can help you reduce stress, discover fun local opportunities, and make new friends. You can create your own Green Week, or use the Green Week suggestions below.

Monday

Find a creative way to make your home energy use just a little greener. Try washing the dishes in a tub by hand instead of using the dishwasher (a great opportunity to practice mindfulness), or reading a book (alone or have a family reading hour) instead of watching television. These sorts of actions often have the additional benefit of getting us to slow down, which reduces stress and helps us live a little more in the present moment.

Get Radical!
During the winter, it can be fun to have an ‘electric-light free evening’. Once it begins to get dark, don’t turn on the lights. Instead, use some beeswax candles. Notice how the soft lighting creates a different atmosphere, perfect for a romantic dinner or a night of quiet relaxation. You can order beeswax candles at Wolf Honey Farm in Baldwin. Contact them at (715) 684-2095 or visit them online at www.wolfhoneyfarm.com. Honey Hill Apiary out of Maiden Rock (715) 448-2517 is another great source. You can purchase their candles at Menomonie Market Food Co-op (www.menomoniemarket.org).

Tuesday

Replace one household product with something green. Last year my wife and I replaced our dish soap with a greener variety. We were delighted. The almond scent smells so delicious that I want to eat it, and it works just as well as the conventional variety – without all the extra chemicals. You can implement a small change by replacing a single incandescent light bulb with a compact fluorescent; or try replacing your soap with a locally made variety, such as Fruit of the Vine soap out of Hudson (www.vinesoap.com) or soap from Coon Creek Family Farms out of Mondovi (715-834-4547). Both are available at Just Local Food in Eau Claire (715-577-5564). Green replacements might cost a bit more, but they usually work better, last longer, and are better for you and the planet.

Get Radical!
Green up one room. For the kitchen there are excellent replacements for dishtowels (think bamboo), scrub sponges (using loofa instead of artificial scrubbies), dish detergent, and cleaning agents. In the dining room, napkins and placemats can be replaced with hand-made ones (a fun excuse to learn to knit), and china sets from overseas can be replaced with local pottery. Dunn County Pottery makes beautiful pottery in Downsville (www.dunncountypottery.com), and Willem Gebben’s studio is worth the trip to Colfax, WI to find gorgeous and affordable wood-fired pottery (715-962-3660). You can purchase internationally acclaimed masterpieces of both artistic and functional design in River Falls by visiting McKeachie Johnston Studios (www.mckeachiejohnstonstudios.com).

Wednesday

Donate to a cause. In today’s economic climate, many non-profits are having trouble funding their programs. Even a fifty-dollar donation can make a difference. The Nature Conservancy (www.nature.org) gives you the option to direct your dollars toward protecting lands in the ecosystem of your choice, protecting specific coral reefs, or even protecting habitat for particular species, such as the Northern Jaguar. Closer to home, we have the ability to help purchase and protect wild lands with the West Wisconsin Land Trust. They’ve protected over 25,000 acres, and are always adding more. Visit them at www.wwlt.org.

Get Radical!
Find a non-profit that you like and then email your friends and see if everyone would be willing to pool donations to a certain group. Even small contributions, when multiplied by all your friends on your email list, can make a huge difference.

Thursday

Learn about an endangered species. You’ll get a peek into the life stories of some of the planet’s most rare and interesting individuals. A great starting point is www.endangeredspecie.com, and even provides a state-by-state interactive map. Or do a Google search on a specific species and you’ll likely find videos and fun websites that will teach you all about the species’ habits, lifestyle, and habitat. If you prefer books, try one of author Sy Montgomery’s Children’s Titles—books that are perfect for kids and adults alike. She writes about species such as the Golden Moon Bear, the Pink Dolphin, and the Snow Leopard.

Get Radical!
Using the website above, learn about one of the endangered species that is within driving range, and then plan a quest to see if you can photograph one. In Wisconsin we can go searching for wolves (we’re much more likely to find their tracks, but it’s still fun to look), Piping Plovers, Hine’s Emerald Dragonfly, the Eastern Prairie Fringed Orchid, and many more. Tread lightly, as many of these species have delicate habitats!

Friday

Visit your library. Long before it became popular to reduce, re-use, and recycle, libraries were veteran re-users, making a single copy of a book available to thousands of readers. Today, many libraries have extensive collections of DVDs as well, so you can not only pick out a book for the weekend, but take home a movie or two. Sometimes a walk up and down the aisles will surprise you when you find an old book that you read years ago, or see something on a subject that has recently piqued your interest. You can even explore your library from home using the MORE library system at www.more.lib.wi.us. Using your library card, you can request books to be sent to your closest library, renew books, or browse titles.

Get Radical!
Do you have special skills or knowledge that would be interesting to library patrons? Libraries are often looking for volunteers who can present programs to their after-school groups or for the community in general. If you know about local wildlife or have environmental education to share, give them a call and see if they’d be open to having you do a presentation. My wife and I often give snake presentations for community groups, including libraries. Call your local library to see if your area of expertise might make a fun and informative educational program.

The Weekend

Have some outdoor fun! It might be difficult to believe, but simply enjoying the outdoors is one of the best things you can do for the planet. In his book Last Child in the Woods, author Richard Louv outlines numerous studies and tons of anecdotal evidence that show the profound effect the outdoors can have on our psyche. For stress relief, excitement, relaxation, or education, there is nothing like getting outside. Best of all, unless you choose to visit to a fee-charging park, it’s free!

Plan an outdoor adventure during your weekend. Take your camera and capture some photos, find a quiet place to meditate, or go for a hike. When we’re active participants in outdoors activities, we feel more connected to the environment, and we feel inspired to consider our actions in the context of how much impact they’ll leave on the natural spaces we’ve learned to enjoy. In the Menomonie area, Hoffman Hills has a wonderful sledding hill and cross-country ski trails, and the Red Cedar trail offers beautiful cross-country skiing. In Eau Claire, Pinehurst Park and Oakwood Hills have sledding hills, and wherever you live, there are plenty of free parks nearby where you can get out to enjoy nature. For a small fee, you can also explore places like Willow River State Park or Kinnickinnic State Park – truly spectacular natural areas with plenty of room for adventure.

Get Radical!
Try a day-long excursion, or, if you’re feeling really radical, an overnight camping trip. These longer-term outings let us settle into nature in a way that shorter visits often don’t; time slows down, we begin to notice more, and our worries and concerns are seen from a new perspective. This time of year, pack along some hot cocoa and hearty food, sit by a frozen river, and watch the winter animals going about their daily lives. You’ll reconnect with nature and gain a new passion for life.

There are hundreds of other Green adventures to be had. You can start a nature blog, visit a farm, lead nature hikes, or volunteer at State Parks. Whatever Green adventures you choose, realize that even small changes can make a huge difference.

Kenton Whitman was catching snakes and turtles by the time he was out of diapers. A writer and wilderness survivalist, he shares his love of nature through outdoor classes and one-on-one outdoor tutelage. He writes a nature blog at www.wildaboutnatureblog.com, keeps a journal of his outdoor adventures at www.kentonandrebecca.com, and writes a bi-weekly nature column for the Dunn County News.

Safer Lawns

Most of Canada has banned the majority of common lawn and garden pesticides still in use in the United States.

The documentary movie, A Chemical Reaction (www.pfzmedia.com), focuses on the origin of the anti-lawn pesticide movement in North America. The documentary movie tells the story of one of the most powerful and effective community initiatives in the history of North America.  It started with one lone voice in 1984.  Dr. June Irwin, a dermatologist, noticed a connection between her patients’ health conditions and their exposure to chemical pesticides and herbicides.  With relentless persistence, she brought her concerns to town meetings to warn her fellow citizens that the chemicals they were putting on their lawns posed severe health risks and had unknown side effects on the environment.

The movie—through its narrator Paul Tukey, the founder of Safelawns.org—asks a simple yet complex question: “If these products are banned in Canada, why do we still use them here?”

A Safer Alternative
Chickity Doo Doo™ Organic Fertilizer is derived from 100% chicken manure. It contains all the desirable benefits that have made chicken manure extremely beneficial to vegetable farmers and organic gardeners for decades. As individuals become more conscious of traditional synthetic chemical fertilizers and the long-term damage they cause to the environment, the demand for family-friendly and environmentally safe products continues to grow.

Find it in our area at:
Chippewa Valley Growers – Eau Claire, 715-839-8448
Grinde’s Garden Center, Inc. – Eau Claire, 715-833-2292
Down to Earth Garden Center – Cadott, 715-289-4567
Klinger Farm Market – Chippewa Falls, 715-288-6348